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Nearly Zero Energy Buildings -

Primary Energy Compliance and our Low Carbon Future

Want to know more about primary energy? Read our report on primary energy compliance

nearly zero energy buildings report PDF cover


The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was introduced in 2010 by the European Union. One of the directive’s main initiatives was to ensure that all member states only build nearly zero energy buildings (NZEBs) after the 31st December 2020.

This means that the Government has the upcoming update to Approved Documents L and F to ensure that the UK complies to the terms of the EPBD.

These terms mean that the UK has a number of decisions to make on the regulations underpinning new build specification, including the introduction of primary energy into the UK’s compliance system.

Designed to aid in understanding what the EPBD means for the UK, our report covers the key decisions that Government will need to make to become compliant and the potential changes which may affect the built environment by the end of 2020.


The UK Government will need to make a number of decisions to comply with the NZEB terms of the EPBD; including setting Energy Performance Targets, supporting compliance indicators to sit alongside primary energy and a national renewable energy strategy


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